2017 World Creativity Festival
Long Term Project for Elementary School Level
From the Dangers of Everyday Objects
If we look around us, there may be objects we overlook as they are too common to be considered dangerous. For example, the straws we use when drinking beverages may cause us harm if used without caution. The following is a portion of a program regarding the dangers of straws.
Dangers of Straws
As safety incidents involving children are on the rise, the causes of such incidents aremost often either collisions or stabbing accidents. For stabbing accidents, children are harmed by sharp objects including seemingly harmless items such as straws. From 2010 to 2012, there were a total of 67 accidents involving straws: 32 in the neck and 17 in the eyes.
In order to measure possible dangers of straws, we tested several different types of them. Stick straws, otherwise known as coffee straws, large bendable straws, yogurt straws, straws for other beverages, and more were all tested. Straws used most often by adults have flat edges while those used most by children have sharp edges; as a result, children are more prone to be harmed by straws. These sharp-edged straws are more dangerous than popularly thought; they were tested to be able to pop balloons, of course, but even capable of penetrating 4cm of fruit such as apples and watermelon.
In conclusion, it can be inferred that straws are capable of causing great harm to the sensitive human eyes and mouth. If a straw is to stab the interior of the neck, the
wound may cause infections in the pharyngeal posterior, and if serious, a second infection may affect the heart and cause death within two days. Also, when stabbed in the eye, one may lose functionality in several different areas; all reasons to be careful with straws.
Objects we deemed safe may become dangerous items due to our misuse.
Find another object with potential of danger and through extensive
experiments, show the possible dangers the item holds. Or, implement the
item in a series of steps that show a possible solution to decrease the
dangers the item poses.
Follow the presented steps to solve the problem.
1. Form a group of two and come up with a group name.
2. Find an object seen often that poses possible dangers.
3. Choose ONE of the following choices and process.
a. Present an experiment that does well to show the potent dangers the item holds.
b. Present a series of steps that show a possible solution to minimize the danger the item poses.
4. Write a report that clearly shows all results calculated from the steps above.
¡Ø If the dangers dealt with are not well known, present a report that
shows the steps to prove the dangers of the object. If the
presented dangers are well known, presenting a series of steps to
show solutions to minimize dangers of the item is recommended.
<Information to Include in the Report>
1. A group name and reasons for choosing the name.
2. Analysis of the dangers the chosen item holds.
3. Proof of danger through experimental steps or steps to minimize dangers item poses.
4. Information regarding group and individual participation.
* Submit a freely written report within 10 pages.
* During presentations, groups who have chosen the "Proofs of Dangers
Experiment" will be asked to explain and show their results, but if
needed, groups may film videos of the experiment and show during presentation.
* The same applies to those who have chosen the 'Improvement Experiment'.
* Groups must cite all documents used.
* If groups utilize experiments done by others for themselves, they may be disqualified.
Item of Danger
¡Ü Originality of the chosen item?
¡Ü Is the reasoning for the danger valid?
¡Ü Societal benefits post-realization of the dangers?
ments on Issue
<Proof of Danger>
¡Ü Is the experiment of proving dangers adequate?
¡Ü Safety and effectiveness of the experiment.
<Improvement of Danger>
¡Ü Probability of improvements.
¡Ü Level of innovation of the suggested improvements.
| ¡Ü Is the work fairly distributed and have the group members collaborated well?
¡Ü Has team member led the group well?